A Photo of  Alan Springer

Contact Information

Institute of Marine Science
204 Arctic Health Research Bldg.
P.O. Box 757220
University of Alaska Fairbanks
Fairbanks, AK 99775-1080
Phone: (907) 474-6213
Fax: (907) 474-7204
amspringer@alaska.edu

Alan Springer Research Full Professor

Biological Oceanography • Marine Mammals • Seabirds

Specialties

  • pelagic production regimes
  • food webs
  • sea bird ecology

Research Overview

My research focuses on food web structure and on the causes and consequences of variability in production at various trophic levels, with an emphasis on marine birds and mammals.

Selected Publications

Estes, J.A., D.F. Doak, A.M. Springer, and T.M. Williams. In press. Causes and consequences of marine mammal population declines in southwest Alaska: A food web perspective. Phil. Trans. Royal Soc. B.

Cooper, M.H., S.M. Budge, A.M. Springer, S.J. Iverson, and G. Sheffield. In press. Comparison of blubber fatty acid composition of ice-associated seals in Bering Strait. Polar Biol.

Wang, S.W., S.J. Iverson, A.M. Springer, and S.A. Hatch. 2009. Spatial and temporal diet segregation in northern fulmars (Fulmarus glacialis) breeding in Alaska: insights from fatty acid signatures. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 377: 299-307.

Sinclair, E.H., L.S. Vlietstra, D.S. Johnson, T.K. Zeppelin, G.V. Byrd, A.M. Springer, R.R. Ream, and G.L. Hunt Jr. 2008. Patterns in prey use among fur seals and seabirds in the Pribilof Islands. Deep-Sea Res. II. 55: 1897-1918.

Newman, K. and A.M. Springer. 2008. Nocturnal activity by marine mammal eating killer whales at a predation hot spot in the Bering Sea. Mar. Mam. Sci. 24: 990-999.

Budge, S.M., M.J. Wooler, A.M. Springer, S.J. Iverson, C.P. McRoy, and G.J. Divoky. 2008. Tracing carbon flow in an arctic marine food web using fatty acid-stable isotope analysis. Oecologia 157: 117-129.

Budge, S.M., A.M. Springer, S.J. Iverson, G. Sheffield, and C. Rosa. 2008. Blubber fatty acid composition of bowhead whales, Balaena mysticetus: implications for diet assessment and ecosystem monitoring. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 359: 40-46.

Springer, A.M., J.A. Estes, G.B. vanVliet, T.M. Williams, D.F. Doak, E.M. Danner, and B. Pfister. 2008. Mammal-eating killer whales, industrial whaling, and the sequential megafaunal collapse in the North Pacific Ocean: a reply to critics of Springer et al. 2003. Mar. Mam. Sci. 24:414-442.

Springer, A.M., G.V. Byrd, and S.J. Iverson. 2007. Hot oceanography: planktivorous seabirds reveal ecosystem responses to heating of the Bering Sea. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 352: 289-297.

Wang, S.W., S.J. Iverson, A.M. Springer, and S.A. Hatch. 2007. Fatty acid signatures of stomach oil and adipose tissue of northern fulmars (Fulmarus glacialis) in Alaska: implications for diet analysis of Procellariiform birds. J. Comp. Physiol. B 177:893-903.

Iverson, S.J., A.M. Springer, and A.S. Kitaysky. 2007. Seabirds as indicators of food web structure and ecosystem variability: Qualitative and quantitative diet analyses using fatty acids. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 352: 235-244.

Budge, S.M. A.M. Springer, S.J. Iverson, and G. Sheffield. 2007. Fatty acid biomarkers reveal niche separation in an Arctic benthic food web. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 336: 305-309.

Kruse, G.H. and A.M. Springer. 2006. Marine mammal harvest and fishing. Pp. 192-220 in R. Spies (ed.), Long-term ecological change in the northern Gulf of Alaska. Elsevier, Amsterdam.

Springer, A.M. 2006. Long-term change: Seabirds in the Gulf of Alaska. Pp. 311-335 in R. Spies (ed.), Long-term ecological change in the northern Gulf of Alaska. Elsevier, Amsterdam.

Benowitz-Fredericks, M., A.S. Kitaysky, and A.M. Springer. 2006. Strategies for survival: Seabirds. Pp. 94-114 in R. Spies (ed.), Long-term ecological change in the northern Gulf of Alaska. Elsevier, Amsterdam.

Iverson, S.J., A.M. Springer, and J.L. Bodkin. 2006. Strategies for survival: Marine mammals. Pp. 114-135 in R. Spies (ed.), Long-term ecological change in the northern Gulf of Alaska. Elsevier, Amsterdam.

Springer, A.M., S.J. Iverson, and J.L. Bodkin. 2006. Long-term change: Marine mammal populations. Pp. 352-378 in R. Spies (ed.), Long-term ecological change in the northern Gulf of Alaska. Elsevier, Amsterdam.

Piatt, J.F. and A.M. Springer. 2006. Marine ecoregions of Alaska. Pp. 522-526 in R. Spies (ed.), Long-term ecological change in the northern Gulf of Alaska. Elsevier, Amsterdam.

Springer, A.M., G.B. Van Vliet, J.F. Piatt, and E.M. Danner. 2006. Whales and whaling in the North Pacific: oceanographic insights and ecosystem impacts. Pp. 245-261 in J.A. Estes, R.L. Brownell, D.P. DeMaster, D.P. Doak, and T.M. Williams (eds.), Whales, whaling, and ocean ecosystems, University of California Press, Berkeley, CA.

Williams, T.M., J.A. Estes, D.F. Doak, and A.M. Springer. 2004. Killer appetites: Assessing the role of predators in ecological communities. Ecology 85: 3373-3384.

Springer, A.M. 2004. Changing relationships between climate and biological indices in the Eastern Bering Sea. Pp. 112-125 in S.A. Macklin and G.L. Hunt Jr. (eds.), The Southeast Bering Sea ecosystem: implications for marine resource management (Final Report: Southeast Bering Sea Carrying Capacity). NOAA Coastal Ocean Program Decision Analysis Series No. 24, Silver Spring, MD 20910.

Estes, J.A., E.M. Danner, D.F. Doak, B. Konar, A.M. Springer, P.D. Steinberg, M.T. Tinker, and T.M. Williams. 2004. Complex trophic interactions in kelp forest ecosystems. Bull. Mar. Sci. 74: 621-638.

Speckman, S.G., J.F. Piatt, and A.M. Springer. 2004. Small boats disturb fish-holding Marbled Murrelets. Northwest Naturalist 85: 32-34.

Piatt, J.F. and A.M. Springer. 2003. Advection, pelagic food webs and the biogeography of seabirds in Beringia. Mar. Ornith. 31: 141-154.

Springer, A.M., J.A. Estes, G.B. vanVliet, T.M. Williams, D.F. Doak, E.M. Danner, K.A. Forney, and B. Pfister. 2003. Sequential megafaunal collapse in the North Pacific Ocean: an ongoing legacy of industrial whaling? Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 100: 12223-12228.

Springer, A.M. 1999. Summary, conclusions, and recommendations. In: T. Loughlin and T. Ohtani (eds.), The Bering Sea ecosystem: physical, chemical, and biological dynamics. University of Alaska Sea Grant, in press.

Springer, A.M. 1998. Is it all climate change? Why marine bird and mammal populations fluctuate in the North Pacific. In: Biotic impacts of extratropical climate change in the Pacific. 'Aha Huliko'a Proceedings Hawaiian Winter Workshop, University of Hawaii, pp 109-119.

Springer, A.M. and S.G. Speckman. 1997. A forage fish is what? Summary of the symposium. In: Forage fishes in marine ecosystems. Alaska Sea Grant College Program, Univ. Alaska Fairbanks, Vol. 97-01, pp. 773-805.

Springer, A.M., C.P. McRoy, and M.V. Flint. 1996. The Bering Sea Green Belt: shelf edge processes and ecosystem production. Fish. Oceanogr. 5: 205-223.

Springer, A.M., J.F. Piatt, and G.B. Van Vliet. 1996. Seabirds as proxies of marine habitats and food webs in the western Aleutian Arc. Fish. Oceanogr. 5: 45-55.