faculty listing

A Photo of  Brenda Norcross

Contact Information

Institute of Marine Science
131 O'Neill
Graduate Program in Marine Science and Limnology
Mailing: P.O. Box 757220
Delivery: 245 O'Neill SFOS/UAF
Fairbanks, AK 99775-7220
Phone: (907) 474-7990
Fax: (907) 474-1943
bnorcross@alaska.edu

Brenda Norcross Full Professor

Fisheries Ecology • Fisheries Oceanography

Specialties

  • fisheries oceanography
  • fisheries ecology
  • fish habitats
  • early life history of marine fish
  • Arctic fishes

Education

  • B.A. 1971 MacMurray College (Biology)
  • M.S. 1976 St. Louis University (Biology)
  • Ph.D. 1983 College of William and Mary (Marine Science)

Office Hours

by appointment

Research Overview

Norcross's research interest is the effect of the surrounding environment on fish. Generally that means investigating physical variables like water temperature, salinity, depth and bottom type, and biological variables such as type and amount of food. When asked how the Exxon Valdez oil spill would affect her career, Brenda Norcross replied "It won't; I don't do oil." That, she readily admits, was one of the most naive statements of her life. Exactly two months before the March 1989 oil spill, Norcross arrived at University of Alaska, Fairbanks (UAF) from 10 years at the Virginia Institute of Marine Science. Because of the Exxon Valdez oil spill, she spent almost 12 years studying herring in Prince William Sound. In addition to herring that are found near the surface, Norcross studies groundfishes that stay on the bottom. Norcross and her students have collected fish in remote and beautiful locations throughout Alaska, including over 1000 miles of coastal waters from the Aleutian Islands around Kodiak Island to Cook Inlet, before moving northward.

Since 2004, Norcross’s research has focused on the Arctic: the Chukchi and Beaufort Seas. She continues to investigate the distribution of fishes and their relationship to their oceanographic environment as a Principal Investigator or participant in several multi-investigator studies. Her students examine various aspects of fisheries biology of Arctic species, e.g., ages, food habits and community interactions. When they are not at sea collecting samples, they are working long hours in the lab undertaking a computer analysis of their data.

Resulting from her productive and multifaceted work, Norcross serves on a number of committees that provide scientific advice to state, national and international governmental concerns. She serves on committees including the Bering Sea/Aleutian Islands Groundfish Plan Team of the North Pacific Fisheries Management, and the National Research Council Committee on Responding to Oil Spills in Arctic Environments.

As a lifelong educator, Brenda Norcross also is dedicated to graduate education. She currently advises 6 graduate students who work on a wide range of projects and who major in Fisheries Oceanography, Fisheries, and Marine Biology. A perusal of the list of Norcross's students reveals that they have diverse interests and areas of study. In the past 23 years, 8 Ph.D. and 20 M.S. students working with Norcross have graduated. In addition to guiding student's research, Norcross alternates teaching two graduate-level classes: Fisheries Oceanography (MSL-640), an upper level class encompassing knowledge of fisheries, physical and biological oceanography (Fall semester odd-numbered years), and Scientific Writing Techniques (MSL 694; Spring semester odd-numbered years).

Several years ago, Dr. Norcross spent 12 months on sabbatical leave living aboard a sailboat in the eastern Caribbean. During that time, she became increasingly aware of the public's lack of knowledge about the marine environment that surrounds them. It emphasized her belief in the need for outreach and public education.

In 2001, Norcross was honored for her research and outreach efforts by being named an Aldo Leopold Leadership Fellow and a Harriman Scholar.

Current Research Projects

  • US-Canada trans-boundary fish and lower trophic communities (BOEM)
  • Arctic coastal ecosystems: Evaluating the functional role and connectivity of lagoon and nearshore habitats (North Pacific Research Board )
  • Distribution of Fish, Crab and Lower Trophic Communities in the Chukchi Sea (BOEM)
  • Arctic ecosystem integrated survey (AK CIAP)
  • Ecological Analysis of 2008 Western Beaufort Sea Marine Fish and Lower Trophic survey data (BOEM)
  • Central Beaufort Sea Marine Fish Monitoring (BOEM)
  • Trophic Links: Forage Fish, Their Prey, and Ice Seals, 2009-2012 (BOEM/CMI)
  • Fisheries Oceanography and Ecology - RUSALCA (NOAA Cooperative Institute for Arctic Research)

Courses

MSL 640 – Fisheries Oceanography 4cr.
  Fall odd-numbered years

This course examines the oceanography of marine processes affecting commercially important fisheries (finfish and shellfish) and species that affect them. Of particular importance are interactions between fisheries resources and physical, biological, geological and chemical oceanography, as well as climatological and meteorological conditions. Topics include recruitment, transport, natural mortality, predator-prey relationships, competition, distribution and abundance, El Nino/La Nina, regime shifts, and climate change. Emphasis is on early life history of fishes. Examples from fisheries and ecosystems worldwide are used.

MSL 694 – Scientific Writing Techniques 3cr.
  Spring odd-numbered years

The objective of this course is to learn easy-to-follow scientific writing techniques, especially for fisheries and marine science publications. The course will cover writing techniques ranging from figure and table legends through submission for publication. Topics include writing approaches, outlines, style, grammar, punctuation, and editorial review. A draft manuscript will be written. This course is most beneficial for experienced graduate students.

Graduate Students

Ph.D., Reid C. Brewer – Current. "Population and life history information for the giant north Pacific octopus (Enteroctopus dofleini) in the Bering Sea" (Marine Biology) University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, Alaska.

Ph.D., Katharine B. Miller – Current. "Predicting distributions of estuarine associated fish in Southeast Alaska" (Fisheries Oceanography) University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, Alaska.

Ph.D., Fletcher Sewell – Current. “Pacific herring YOY survival and recruitment forecasting in Prince William Sound” (Fisheries Oceanography) University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, Alaska

Ph.D., Robert Spangler – Current. "Population Ecology of Eulachon in Alaska" (Fisheries) University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, Alaska.

M.S., Benjamin P. Gray – Current. “A multi-year comparison of diets of three demersal fishes inhabiting the Beaufort and Chukchi Seas” (Fisheries) University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, Alaska

M.S., A. Darcie Neff – Current. "Reproductive readiness of Pacific sand lance" (Fisheries) University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, Alaska.

M.S., Christine Gleason – 2012. "Physical environment and biological correlates of otolith chemistry on Arctic marine fish species in the Chukchi Sea" (Fisheries Oceanography) University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, Alaska.

M.S., Sara S. Carroll – 2012 (co-chair). "Insight into the diet history of ice seals using isotopic signatures of muscle tissue and claws" (Marine Biology) University of Alaska Fairbanks, Alaska.

M.S., Caroline Jezierski – 2009. “The impact of sea kayak tourism and recreation on harbor seal behavior in kenai fjords national park: integrating research with outreach, education, and tourism” (Marine Biology) University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, Alaska

M.S., Sean Rooney – 2008 (co-chair). “Habitat analysis of major fishing grounds on the Kodiak Shelf, Alaska” (Fisheries) University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, Alaska

M.S., S. Paige Drobny – 2008. “Age, growth and movement of the squid Berryteuthis magister in the Eastern Bering Sea” (Fisheries Oceanography) University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, Alaska

Ph.D., Olav A. Ormseth –2007. “Reproductive processes of Pacific cod in Alaskan waters” (Fisheries Oceanography) University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, Alaska

M.S., Sean-Bob Kelly –2007. “Pacific herring (Clupea pallasii) habitat use in Prince William Sound” (Fisheries Oceanography) University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, Alaska.

M.A. Lauren Krueger – 2006 (co-chair). “The Community Development Quota Program in Western Alaska: Institutional resilience and changes in the Bering Sea ecosystem” (Northern Studies) University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, Alaska

M.S. Nicole Koehler – 2006. “Humpback whale behavior and interactions vessel at Point Adolphus, Alaska” (Marine Biology) University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, Alaska.

Ph.D., Andrew C. Seitz – 2006. "Movement Patterns of Pacific halibut" (Fisheries Oceanography) University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, Alaska

M.S., Allison E.M. Barns –2004. "Distribution of commercially important fish in relationship to temperature and depth in the vicinity of Kodiak Island, Gulf of Alaska" (Marine Environmental Studies: Interdisciplinary) University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, Alaska.

Ph.D., Sherri C. Dressel – 2004. "Alternative survey designs and analytical methods for multispecies trawl surveys" (Fisheries Oceanography) University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, Alaska.

M.S., Christine A. Frazier – 2003. "Effects of areas closed to bottom trawling on fish and invertebrate species in the eastern Bering Sea" (Marine Biology) University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, Alaska.

Ph.D., Evelyn D. Brown – 2003. "Stock Structure and Environmental Effects on Year-Class Formation and Population Trends of Pacific Herring, Clupea Pallasi, In Prince Wiiliam Sound, Alaska" (Fisheries) University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, Alaska

M.S., Michael C. Palmer – 2003. "Environmental controls of fish growth in the Southeast Bering Sea." (Fisheries Oceanography) University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, Alaska

M.S., Sarah J. Thornton – 2003 (co-chair). "Temperature and food effects on larval Pacific herring in Prince William Sound, Alaska" (Biological Oceanography) University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, Alaska.

M.S., Monica K. H. Bando – 2002. “Comparing the nutritional quality of Steller sea lions (Eumetopias jubatus) diets” (Marine Biology) University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, Alaska.

M.S., Brandee L. Gerke – 2002. “Spawning habitat characteristics of Pacific herring, Clupea pallasi, in Prince William Sound, Alaska” (Fisheries) University of Alaska Fairbanks, Juneau, Alaska.

M.S., Elizabeth A. Kitto Spangler – 2002. “The ecology of eulachon (Thaleichthys pacificus) in Twentymile River, Alaska” (Fisheries) University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, Alaska

M.S., Brenda A. Holladay – 2001. "Diets of juvenile flatfishes near Kodiak Island, Alaska” (Fisheries Oceanography) University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, Alaska

Ph.D., Robert J. Foy – 2000. "Juvenile Pacific herring (Clupea pallasi) feeding ecology in Prince William Sound, Alaska" (Fisheries Oceanography) University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, Alaska

Ph.D., Franz-Josef Mueter – 1999. "Spatial and temporal changes in species composition of the groundfish community in the Gulf of Alaska" (Fisheries Oceanography) University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, Alaska

M.S., Alisa A. Abookire – 1997. "Environmental factors affecting seasonal habitat and distribution of flathead sole and rock sole in Kachemak Bay, Alaska." (Fisheries Oceanography) University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, Alaska

M.S., Elizabeth A. Chilton – 1997. “Environmental variables influencing distribution and abundance of juvenile flatfishes in an exposed coastal area of Kodiak, Alaska” (Fisheries Oceanography) University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, Alaska

Ph.D., Adam D. Moles – 1996. "Effects of oil laden sediments on behavior and growth of juvenile flatfishes" (Fisheries) University of Alaska Fairbanks, Juneau, Alaska

Ph.D., Tina Wyllie-Echeverria – 1995. "Fish populations and environmental variables on a sub-arctic shelf" (Fisheries Oceanography) University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, Alaska

M.S., Franz-Josef Müter – 1992. "Distribution, abundance, and growth of larval walleye pollock (Theragra chalcogramma) in a glaciated fjord" (Biological Oceanography) University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, Alaska

M.S. David M. Wyanski – 1990. "Patterns of habitat utilization in 0-age summer flounder (Paralichthys dentatus)” (Marine Science) College of William and Mary, Gloucester Point, Virginia

M.S., Lucy E. Feingold – 1989 (co-chair). "Influence of physical parameters on the distribution and survivorship of the early life stages of weakfish in Delaware Bay." (Marine Science) University of Delaware, Lewes, Delaware

Selected Publications

Hunt, G.L., A.L. Blanchard, P. Boveng, P. Dalpadado, K. Drinkwater, L. Eisner, R. Hopcroft, B.L. Norcross, P. Renaud, M. Reigstad, H.R. Skjodal, A. Whitehouse and R.A. Woodgate. The Barents and Chukchi Seas: comparison of two Arctic shelf ecosystems. Journal of Marine Systems, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmarsys.2012.08.003

Brewer, R.S, B.L. Norcross. 2012. Long-term retention of internal elastomer tags in a wild population of North Pacific giant octopus (Enteroctopus dofleini) Fish. Res. 134‑136:17‑20

Reynolds, J.R., S.C. Rooney, J. Heifetz, H.G. Greene, B.L. Norcross, and S K. Shotwell. 2012. Habitats and demersal fish communities in the vicinity of Albatross Bank, Gulf of Alaska, pp. 539‑553. In P. T. Harris, P.T. and E. K. Baker (Eds), Seafloor Geomorphology as Benthic Habitat. Elsevier.

Seitz, A.C., T. Loher, B.L. Norcross, and J.L. Nielsen. 2011. Dispersal and behaviour of satellite tagged Pacific halibut Hippoglossus stenolepis in the Bering Sea and Aleutian Islands region and their ecological implications. Aquat. Biol. 12:225‑239.

Seitz, A, P. Hershberger, J. Gregg, J. Payne, A. Kagley, B. Meloy and B. Norcross. 2010. Feasibility of surgically implanting acoustic tags into Pacific herring. Trans. Amer. Fish. Soc. 139:1288‑1291

Norcross, B.L., B.A. Holladay, M. Busby and K. Mier. 2010. Demersal and larval fish assemblages in the Chukchi Sea. Deep‑Sea Res. II. 57(1‑2):57‑70.

Ormseth, O.A. and B.L. Norcross. 2009. Causes and consequences of life‑history variation in North American stocks of Pacific cod. ICES J. Mar. Sci. 66: 349‑357.

Mecklenburg, C.W., Norcross, B.L., Holladay, B.A. and Mecklenburg, T.A. 2008. Fishes, pp. 65‑79, In: Hopcroft R., B. Bluhm, and R., Grading R. (Eds) Arctic Ocean synthesis: Analysis of climate change impacts in the Chukchi and Beaufort Seas with strategies for future research. Final Report to the North Pacific Research Board. Fairbanks, Alaska. http://doc.nprb.org/web/05_prjs/503_final.pdf

Seitz, A.C., B.L. Norcross, D. Wilson, J.L. Nielsen. 2006. Evaluating a method of light‑based geolocation for demersal fishes in northern latitudes. Fish. Bull. (US) 104:571‑578.

Mueter, F.J., C. Ladd, M.C. Palmer and B.L. Norcross. 2006. Bottom‑up and top‑down controls of walleye pollock (Theragra chalcogramma) on the Eastern Bering Sea shelf. Prog. Oceanog. 68:152‑183.

Seitz, A.C., B.L. Norcross, D. Wilson and J.L. Nielsen. 2005. Identifying of Pacific halibut Hippoglossus stenolepis spawning behavior using electronic tags. Env. Biol. Fish. 70(4):445‑451.

Dressel, S.C. and B.L. Norcross. 2005. Using poststratification to improve multispecies survey assessments: case study of juvenile flatfishes. Fish. Bull. (US). 103(3): 469‑488.

Norcross, B.L. 2005. Chapter 8 – Beyond Serenity: Boom and Bust in Prince William Sound. IN: T. Litwin (Ed.) The 1899 Harriman Alaska: A Century of Change, Rutgers University Press, pp. 115‑124.

Seitz, A. C., D. Wilson, B. L. Norcross and J. L. Nielsen. 2004. Pop‑up archival transmitting (PAT) tags: a method to investigate the migration and behavior of Pacific halibut Hippoglossus stenolepis in the Gulf of Alaska. AK Fish. Res. Bull. 10:124‑137.

Norcross, B.L., S.M. McKinnell, M. Frandsen, D.L. Musgrave, and S. Sweet. 2003. Larval fishes of the central North Pacific transitional areas, including the shelf break of west central Alaska. J. Oceanogr. (Japan) 59:445‑460.

Brown, E.D., J. Seitz, B.L. Norcross and H.P. Huntington. 2002. Ecology of herring and other forage fish as recorded by resource users of Prince William Sound and the Outer Kenai, Alaska. Alaska Fish. Res. Bull. 9(2):75‑101.

Mueter, F.J. and B.L. Norcross. 2002. Spatial and temporal patterns in the demersal fish community on the shelf and upper slope regions of the Gulf of Alaska. Fish. Bull. (US) 100:559‑581.

Stokesbury, K.D.E., J. Kirsch, E.V. Patrick and B.L. Norcross. 2002. Mortality estimates of juvenile Pacific herring (Clupea pallasi) in Prince William Sound, Alaska. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 59:416‑423.

National Research Council Committee to Review the Gulf of Alaska Ecosystem Monitoring Program an Plan. 2002. A Century of Ecosystem Science: Planning for Long‑term Research in the Gulf of Alaska. Polar Research Board, National Academy Press, Washington, D.C., 94 pp.

Norcross, B.L. and E.D. Brown. 2001. Estimation of first year survival of Pacific herring from a review of recent stage‑specific studies. In: F. Funk, J. Blackburn, D. Hay, A.J. Paul, R. Stephenson, R. Toresen, and D. Witherell (eds.). Herring: Expectations for a New Millennium. University of Alaska Sea Grant, AK‑SG‑01‑04, Fairbanks, pp.535‑558.

Brown, E.D. and B.L. Norcross. 2001. Effect of herring egg distribution and ecology on year‑class strength and adult distribution: preliminary results from Prince William Sound. In: F. Funk, J. Blackburn, D. Hay, A.J. Paul, R. Stephenson, R. Toresen, and D. Witherell (eds.). Herring: Expectations for a New Millennium. University of Alaska Sea Grant, AK‑SG‑01‑04, Fairbanks, pp. 335‑345.

Foy, R.J. and B.L. Norcross. 2001. Temperature effects on zooplankton assemblages and juvenile herring feeding in Prince William Sound, Alaska. In: F. Funk, J. Blackburn, D. Hay, A.J. Paul, R. Stephenson, R. Toresen, and D. Witherell (eds.). Herring: Expectations for a New Millennium. University of Alaska Sea Grant, AK‑SG‑01‑04, Fairbanks, pp. 21‑35.

Norcross, B.L., E.D. Brown, R.J. Foy, M. Frandsen, S. Gay, T.C. Kline Jr., D.M. Mason, E.V. Patrick, A.J. Paul and K.D.E. Stokesbury. 2001. A synthesis of the life history and ecology of juvenile Pacific herring in Prince William Sound, Alaska. Fish. Oceanog. 10 (Suppl. 1):42‑57.

Cooney, R.T., J.R. Allen, M.A. Bishop, D.L. Eslinger, T.C. Kline, Jr., B.L. Norcross, C.P. McRoy, J. Milton, J. Olsen, V. Patrick, A.J. Paul, D. Salmon, D. Scheel, G.L. Thomas, S L. Vaughan, and T.M. Willette. 2001. Ecosystem Controls of Juvenile Pink Salmon (Onchorynchus gorbuscha) and Pacific Herring (Clupea pallasi) Populations in Prince William Sound, Alaska: a sound ecosystem assessment (SEA) synthesis. Fish. Oceanog. 10 (Suppl. 1):1‑13.

Abookire, A.A., J.F. Piatt and B.L. Norcross. 2001. Habitat of groundfishes in Kachemak Bay, Alaska in late summer. AK Fish. Res. Bull. 8:45‑56.

Mueter, F.J. and B.L. Norcross. 2000. Species composition and abundance of juvenile groundfishes around Steller sea lion (Eumetopias jubatus) rookeries in the Gulf of Alaska. Alaska Fish. Res. Bull. 7:33‑43.

Mueter, F.J., and B.L. Norcross. 2000. Changes in species composition of the demersal fish community in nearshore waters of Kodiak Island, Alaska. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 57:1169‑1180.

Stokesbury, K.D.E., J. Kirsch, E.D. Brown, G.L. Thomas and B.L. Norcross. 2000. Seasonal variability in Pacific herring (Clupea pallasi) and walleye pollock (Theragra chalcogramma) spatial distributions in Prince William Sound, Alaska. Fish. Bull. (US) 98:400‑409.

National Research Council Committee on Improving the Collection and Use of Fisheries Data. 2000. Improving the collection, management, and use of marine fisheries data. Ocean Studies Board, Commission on Geosciences, Environment, and Resources, National Academy Press, Washington, D.C., 222 pp.

Mueter, F.J. and B.L. Norcross. 1999. Linking community structure of small demersal fishes around Kodiak Island, Alaska to environmental variables. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 190:37‑51

Foy, R.J. and B.L. Norcross. 1999. Spatial and temporal differences in the diet of juvenile Pacific herring (Clupea pallasi) in Prince William Sound, Alaska. Can. J. Zoolog. 77(5) 697‑706.

Stokesbury, K.D.E., R.J. Foy and B.L. Norcross. 1999. Spatial and temporal variability in juvenile Pacific herring (Clupea pallasi) growth in Prince William Sound, Alaska. Environ. Biol. Fish. 56:409‑418.

Norcross, B.L. and F.J. Mueter. 1999. The use of an ROV in the study of juvenile flatfishes. Fish. Res. 39:241‑251.

Norcross, B.L., A. Blanchard and B.A. Holladay. 1999. Models for defining near‑shore nursery areas of flatfishes in Alaskan waters. Fish. Oceanog. 8:50‑67.

Moles, A. and B.L. Norcross. 1998. Effects of oil‑laden sediments on growth and health of juvenile flatfishes. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 55:605‑610.

Abookire, A.A. and B.L. Norcross. 1998. Depth and substrate as determinants of distribution of juvenile flathead sole (Hippoglossoides elassodon) and rock sole (Pleuronectes bilineatus) distribution in Kachemak Bay, Alaska. J. Sea Res. 39:113‑123.

Norcross, B.L., F.‑J. Müter and B.A. Holladay. 1997. Habitat models for juvenile flatfishes around Kodiak Island, Alaska. Fish. Bull. (US) 95(3):504‑520.

Norcross, B.L., J.E. Hose, M. Frandsen and E. Brown. 1996. Distribution, abundance, morphological condition and cytogenetic abnormalities of larval herring in Prince William Sound, Alaska, following the Exxon Valdez oil spill. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 53:2376‑2387.

Brown, E.D., B.L. Norcross and J.W. Short. 1996. Conditions affecting the distribution of oil from the Exxon Valdez spill and exposure of Pacific herring, Clupea pallasi, in Prince William Sound, Alaska. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 53:2337‑2342.

Norcross, B.L. and M. Frandsen. 1996. Distribution and abundance of larval fishes in Prince William Sound, Alaska during 1989 after the Exxon Valdez oil spill. In S.D. Rice, R.B. Spies, D.A. Wolfe and B.A. Wright (eds.) Exxon Valdez Oil Spill Symposium Proceedings. Am. Fish. Soc. Symp. 18:463‑486.

Brown, E.D., T.T. Baker, J.E. Hose, G.D. Marty, M.D. McGurk, B.L. Norcross, and J.F. Short. 1996. The Exxon Valdez oil spill and Pacific herring in Prince William Sound, Alaska: A summary of injury to the early life history stages. In S.D. Rice, R.B. Spies, D.A. Wolfe and B.A. Wright (eds.). Exxon Valdez Oil Spill Symposium Proceedings. Am. Fish. Soc. Symp. 18:448‑462.

Norcross, B.L., B.A. Holladay, and F.‑J. Müter. 1995. Nursery area characteristics of pleuronectids in coastal Alaska, USA. Neth. J. Sea Res. 34(1‑3):161‑175.

Holladay, B.A. and B.L. Norcross. 1995. Diet of age‑0 Pacific halibut in near‑shore waters of Kodiak Island, Alaska. Env. Biol. Fish. 44:403‑416.

Moles, A. and B.L. Norcross. 1995. Sediment preference in juvenile Pacific flatfishes. Neth. J. Sea Res. 34(1‑3):177‑182.

Severin, K.P., J. Carroll, and B.L. Norcross. 1995. Electron microprobe analysis of juvenile walleye pollock (Theragra chalcogramma). Env. Biol. Fish. 43:269‑283.

Müter, F. J., B.L. Norcross, and T.C. Royer. 1995. Do cyclic temperatures cause cyclic fisheries? Can. Spec. Pub. Fish. Aquat. Sci. Monograph Ser. 121:123‑132.

Moles, A., S. Rice, and B.L. Norcross. 1994. Non‑avoidance of hydrocarbon laden sediments by juvenile flatfishes. Neth. J. Sea Res. 32(3/4):361‑367.

Müter, F.‑J. and B.L. Norcross. 1994. Distribution, abundance, and growth of larval walleye pollock (Theragra chalcogramma) in an Alaskan fjord. Fish. Bull. (US) 92:582‑590.

Norcross, B.L. and D.M. Wyanski. 1994. Interannual variation in year‑class strength of 0‑age summer flounder, Paralichthys dentatus, in Virginia estuaries. Fish. Bull. (U.S.) 92(3):591‑598.

Norcross, B.L. 1992. Responding to an oil spill: Reflections of a fisheries scientist. Fisheries (Bull. Am. Fish. Soc.) 17(6):4‑5.

Norcross, B.L. 1991. Estuarine recruitment mechanisms of Atlantic croaker. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 120:673‑683.

Norcross, B.L. and D.A. Bodolus. 1991. Northern spawning limits and larval transport of spot. U.S. NOAA NMFS Tech. Rep. Ser. 95:77‑88.

Norcross, B.L. and D. Hata. 1990. Seasonal composition of finfish in waters behind the Virginia Barrier Islands. VA J. Sci. 41(4A):441‑461.

Norcross, B.L. and H.M. Austin. 1988. Middle Atlantic Bight meridional wind component effect on bottom water temperatures and spawning distribution of Atlantic croaker. Cont. Shelf Res. 8(1):69‑88.