faculty listing

Contact Information

ABR, Inc. — Environmental Research & Services
P.O. Box 80410
Fairbanks, AK 99708
Phone: (907) 455-6777
Fax: (907) 455-6781
bday@abrinc.com

Robert Day

Biological Oceanography • Environmental Studies • Seabirds

Affiliations

  • American Ornithologists’ Union (Life Member)
  • Association of Field Ornithologists (Life Member)
  • British Ornithologists’ Union (Life Member)
  • Cooper Ornithological Society (Life Member)
  • Ornithological Society of New Zealand (Life Member)
  • Pacific Seabird Group (Life Member)
  • Royal Australasian Ornithologists’ Union
  • Society of Western Field Ornithologists (Life Member)
  • Waterbird Society (Life Member)
  • Wilson Ornithological Society (Life Member)

Specialties

  • Ornithology
  • Marine Pollution Studies
  • Marine Ecology
  • Threatened/Endangered Species

Education

  • M.S. 1980 University of Alaska Fairbanks (Zoology)
  • Ph.D. 1992 University of Alaska Fairbanks (Oceanography)

Research Overview

Bob has conducted research on both marine and terrestrial topics in Alaska and elsewhere since 1975. His research interests primarily are on the effects of humans on the environment and on the biology of poorly-known and rare species, and he has conducted research on such diverse topics as the ecology of Kittlitz's Murrelets in Prince William Sound, Alaska; the seasonal and interannual distribution and abundance of seabirds and marine mammals in the northern Gulf of Alaska with respect to oceanography; the migration of birds between Europe and Africa and their responses to windfarms; effects of the Exxon Valdez oil spill on birds and mammals; the quantitative distribution of tarballs, marine debris, plastic pollutants and seabirds in the North Pacific and Bering Sea with respect to oceanography; the mortality of seabirds in gillnets used by foreign fishing fleets; high-resolution siting issues for windfarms to minimize impacts to endangered eiders and seabirds in northwestern Alaska; the distribution of mesopelagic fishes and squids in the North Pacific; reproductive and feeding biology of seabirds in the Gulf of Alaska, Aleutian Islands, and Bering Sea; the biology of gulls in Kenai Fjords National Monument; the ingestion of plastic pollutants by seabirds; nocturnal migration of birds in the Midwest, using radar; and censuses of seabird, marine mammal, and raptor populations in the Shumagin and Aleutian islands. In addition he has assisted in research on the effects of weather patterns and the El Niño/Southern Oscillation on sea ice in the Bering Sea; the effects of oil development on waterfowl in the Prudhoe Bay oilfields; and the effects of the Alyeska Pipeline terminal on intertidal and subtidal benthic communities and feeding of fishes, crabs, and shrimps in Port Valdez. He currently is studying collision potential of migrating birds near proposed windfarms at several locations in Alaska, is studying marine wildlife near a proposed port in Cook Inlet, and is Chief Scientist for an interdisciplinary oceanographic study in the northeastern Chukchi Sea, where he also is studying the at-sea ecology of seabirds. In addition to his responsibilities as a research scientist, Bob serves as a technical editor for ABR and assists in the preparation of reports and scientific publications.

Links

Publications

Parker, K. R., J. A. Wiens, R. H. Day, and S. M. Murphy. In press. Assessing impact and recovery from environmental accidents. In J. A. Wiens (ed.), Oil in the environment: lessons of the Exxon Valdez oil spill. Cambridge University Press.

Wiens, J. A., R. H. Day, and S. M. Murphy. In press. Oil and marine birds in a variable environment. In J. A. Wiens (ed.), Oil in the environment: lessons of the Exxon Valdez oil spill. Cambridge University Press.

Harwell, M. A., J. H. Gentile, K. R. Parker, S. M. Murphy, R. H. Day, A. E. Bence, J. M. Neff, and J. A. Wiens. 2012. Quantitative assessment of current risks to Harlequin Ducks in Prince William Sound, Alaska, from the Exxon Valdez oil spill. Human and Ecological Risk Assessment 18: 261–328.

Day, R. H., A. E. Gall, A. K. Prichard, G. J. Divoky, and N. A. Rojek. 2011. The status and distribution of Kittlitz's Murrelet (Brachyramphus brevirostris) in northern Alaska. Marine Ornithology 39: 47–57.

Wiens, J. A., R. H. Day, S. M. Murphy, and M. A. Fraker. 2010. Assessing cause–effect relationships in environmental accidents: Harlequin Ducks and the Exxon Valdez oil spill. Pages 131–189 in C. F. Thompson (ed.). Current Ornithology 17. Springer, New York, NY.

Leschner, L. L., and R. H. Day. 2009. Lifetime Achievement Award: Haruo Ogi. Pacific Seabirds 36: 32‑36.

Day, R. H. 2006. Seabirds in the northern Gulf of Alaska and adjacent waters, October to May. Western Birds 37: 190–214.

Divoky, G. J., and R. H. Day. 2006. Lifetime Achievement Award: G. Vernon Byrd. Pacific Seabirds 33: 10–15.

Day, R. H., and D. A. Nigro. 2004. Is the Kittlitz's Murrelet exhibiting reproductive problems in Prince William Sound, Alaska? Waterbirds 27: 89–95.

Day, R. H., J. R. Rose, A. K. Prichard, R. J. Blaha, and B. A. Cooper. 2004. Environmental effects on the fall migration of eiders at Barrow, Alaska. Marine Ornithology 32: 13–24.

Wiens, J. A., R. H. Day, S. M. Murphy, and K. R. Parker. 2004. Changing habitat and habitat use by birds after the Exxon Valdez oil spill. Ecological Applications 14: 1806–1825.

Cooper, B. A., and R. H. Day. 2003. Movement of the Hawaiian Petrel to inland breeding sites on Maui Island, Hawaii. Waterbirds 26: 62–71.

Day, R. H., B. A. Cooper, and R. J. Blaha. 2003. Movement patterns of Hawaiian Petrels and Newell's Shearwaters on the island of Hawai'i. Pacific Science 57: 147–159.

Day, R. H., B. A. Cooper, and T. C. Telfer. 2003. Decline of Townsend's (Newell's) Shearwaters (Puffinus auricularis newelli) on Kauai, Hawaii. Auk 120: 669–679.

Day, R. H., S. M. Murphy, J. A. Wiens, and K. R. Parker. 2003. Changing habitat use by birds after the Exxon Valdez oil spill. International Oil Spill Conference 2003, Vancouver, BC, Canada. 7 pp. (published electronically)

Day, R. H., A. K. Prichard, and D. A. Nigro. 2003. Ecological specialization and overlap of Brachyramphus murrelets in glaciated fjords of Prince William Sound, Alaska. Auk 120: 680–699.

Quakenbush, L. T., R. H. Day, B. A. Anderson, F. A. Pitelka, and B. J. McCaffery. 2002. Historical and present breeding season distribution of Steller's Eider in Alaska. Western Birds 33: 99–120.

Day, R. H., I. J. Stenhouse, and G. S. Gilchrist. 2001. Sabine's Gull (Xema sabini). In A. Poole and F. Gill, eds. The Birds of North America, No. 594. Birds of North America, Inc., Philadelphia, PA. 32 pp.

Wiens, J. A., T. O. Crist, R. H. Day, S. M. Murphy, and G. D. Hayward. 2001. A Canonical Correspondence Analysis of the effects of the Exxon Valdez oil spill on marine birds. Ecological Applications 11: 828‑839.

Wiens, J. A., R. H. Day, S. M. Murphy, and K. R. Parker. 2001. Drawing conclusions nine years after the Exxon Valdez oil spill: a commentary on Irons et al. (2000). Condor 103: 886–892.

Day, R. H., and D. A. Nigro. 2000. Feeding ecology of Kittlitz's and Marbled murrelets in Prince William Sound, Alaska. Waterbirds 23: 1–14.

Day, R. H., D. A. Nigro, and A. K. Prichard. 2000. At-sea habitat use by the Kittlitz's Murrelet Brachyramphus brevirostris in nearshore waters of Prince William Sound, Alaska. Marine Ornithology 28: 105–114.

Day, R. H., K. J. Kuletz, and D. A. Nigro. 1999. Kittlitz's Murrelet (Brachyramphus brevirostris). In A. Poole and F. Gill, eds. The Birds of North America, No. 435. Birds of North America, Inc., Philadelphia, PA. 28 pp.

Wiens, J. A., E. L. Brannon, J. Burns, D. L. Garshelis, A. A. Hoover-Miller, R. H. Day, C. B. Johnson, and S. M. Murphy. 1999. Fish and wildlife recovery following the Exxon Valdez oil spill. Pages 127–133 in Proceedings of the 1999 International Oil Spill Conference, Seattle, Washington. Publication No. 4686B, American Petroleum Institute, Washington, DC.

Cooper, B. A., and R. H. Day. 1998. Summer behavior and mortality of Dark-rumped Petrels and Newell's Shearwaters at power lines on Kauai, Hawaii. Colonial Waterbirds 21: 11–19.

Day, R. H., S. M. Murphy, J. A. Wiens, G. C. Hayward, E. J. Harner, and B. E. Lawhead. 1997. The effects of the Exxon Valdez oil spill on habitat use by birds along the Kenai Peninsula, Alaska. Condor 99: 728–742.

Day, R. H., S. M. Murphy, J. A. Wiens, G. C. Hayward, E. J. Harner, and L. N. Smith. 1997. The effects of the Exxon Valdez oil spill on habitat use by birds in Prince William Sound, Alaska. Ecological Applications 7: 395–415.

Murphy, S. M., R. H. Day, J. A. Wiens, and K. R. Parker. 1997. Effects of the Exxon Valdez oil spill on birds: comparisons of pre- and post-spill surveys in Prince William Sound, Alaska. Condor 99: 299‑313.

Reynolds, M. H., B. A. Cooper, and R. H. Day. 1997. Radar study of seabirds and bats. Pacific Science 51: 97‑106.

Day, R. H. 1996. Nesting phenology of Kittlitz's Murrelet (Brachyramphus brevirostris). Condor 98: 433‑437.

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 1996. Spectacled Eider recovery plan. U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Anchorage, AK. 100 pp. + appendices. (Prepared by Recovery Team members C. P. Dau, R. H. Day, C. J. Lensink, B. J. McCaffery, R. M. Pates, T. J. Rothe, C. Simeon, B. L. Taylor, M. R. Petersen, E. Robinson-Wilson, R. Suydam, and D. M. Troy)

Wiens, J. A., T. O. Crist, R. H. Day, S. M. Murphy, and G. D. Hayward. 1996. Effects of the Exxon Valdez oil spill on marine bird communities in Prince William Sound, Alaska. Ecological Applications 6: 828‑841.

Day, R. H. 1995. New information on Kittlitz's Murrelet nests. Condor 97: 271–273.

Day, R. H., and B. A. Cooper. 1995. Patterns of movement of Dark-rumped Petrels and Newell's Shearwaters on Kauai. Condor 97: 1011–1027.

Day, R. H., S. M. Murphy, J. A. Wiens, G. D. Hayward, E. J. Harner, and L. N. Smith. 1995. Use of oil-affected habitats by birds after the Exxon Valdez oil spill. Pages 726–761 in P. G. Wells, J. N. Butler, and J. S. Hughes, eds. Exxon Valdez Oil Spill: Fate and Effects in Alaskan Waters. Special Technical Publication 1219, American Society for Testing and Materials, Philadelphia, PA.

Shaw, D. G., and R. H. Day. 1994. Colour- and form-dependent loss of neuston plastic in the North Pacific Ocean. Marine Pollution Bulletin 28: 39–43.

DeGange, A. R., R. H. Day, J. E. Takekawa, and V. M. Mendenhall. 1993. Losses of seabirds in gillnets in the North Pacific. Pages 204–211 in K. Vermeer, K. T. Briggs, K. H. Morgan, and D. Siegel-Causey, eds. The Status, Ecology, and Conservation of Marine Birds of the North Pacific. Canadian Wildlife Service Special Publication, Ottawa, Canada.

Day, R. H. 1992. Seabirds at sea in relation to oceanography. Ph.D. Thesis, University of Alaska, Fairbanks, AK. 135 pp.

Murphy, E. C., A. A. Hoover-Miller, R. H. Day, and K. L. Oakley. 1992. Intracolony variability during periods of poor reproductive performance at a Glaucous-winged Gull colony. Condor 94: 598–607.

Cooper, B. A., R. H. Day, R. J. Ritchie, and C. L. Cranor. 1991. An improved marine radar system for studies of bird migration. Journal of Field Ornithology 62: 367–377.

DeGange, A. R. and R. H. Day. 1991. Mortality of seabirds in the Japanese land-based gill-net fishery for salmon. Condor 93: 251–258.

Day, R. H., D. G. Shaw, and S. E. Ignell. 1990. Quantitative distribution and characteristics of marine debris in the North Pacific Ocean, 1984–1988. Pages 182–211 in R. S. Shomura and M. L. Godfrey, eds. Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Marine Debris, Honolulu, HI. U.S. Department of Commerce, NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS, NOAA-TM-NMFS-SWFSC-154.

Day, R. H., D. G. Shaw, and S. E. Ignell. 1990. Quantitative distribution and characteristics of neuston plastic in the North Pacific Ocean, 1984–1988. Pages 247–266 in R. S. Shomura and M. L. Godfrey, eds. Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Marine Debris, Honolulu, HI. U.S. Department of Commerce, NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS, NOAA-TM-NMFS-SWFSC-154.

Day, R. H., and G. V. Byrd. 1989. Food habits of the Whiskered Auklet at Buldir Island, Alaska. Condor 91: 65–72.

Jewett, S. C., R. H. Day, and H. M. Feder. 1989. Feeding biology of the Blackfin Sculpin (Malacocottus kincaidi, Gilbert and Thompson 1905) and the Spinyhead Sculpin (Dasycottus setiger, Bean 1890) in the northeastern Gulf of Alaska. Pacific Science 43: 144–151.

Niebauer, H. J., and R. H. Day. 1989. Causes of interannual variability in the sea ice cover of the eastern Bering Sea. Geojournal 18: 45–59.

Day, R. H., A. R. DeGange, G. J. Divoky, and D. M. Troy. 1988. Distribution and subspecies of the Dovekie in Alaska. Condor 90: 712–714.

Day, R. H., and D. G. Shaw. 1987. Patterns in the abundance of pelagic plastic and tar in the North Pacific Ocean, 1976–1985. Marine Pollution Bulletin 18 (6B): 311–316.

Byrd, G. V., and R. H. Day. 1986. The avifauna of Buldir Island, Aleutian Islands, Alaska. Arctic 39: 109‑118.

Dahlberg, M. L., and R. H. Day. 1985. Observations of man-made objects on the surface of the North Pacific Ocean. Pages 198–212 in R. S. Shomura and H. O. Yoshida, eds. Proceedings of the Workshop on the Fate and Impact of Marine Debris. U.S. Department of Commerce, NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS, NOAA-TM-NMFS-SWFC-54.

Day, R. H., D. H. S. Wehle, and F. C. Coleman. 1985. Ingestion of plastic pollutants by marine birds. Pages 344–386 in R. S. Shomura and H. O. Yoshida, eds. Proceedings of the Workshop on the Fate and Impact of Marine Debris. U.S. Department of Commerce, NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS, NOAA-TM-NMFS-SWFC-54.

Murphy, E. C., R. H. Day, K. L. Oakley, and A. A. Hoover. 1984. Dietary changes and poor reproductive performance in Glaucous-winged Gulls. Auk 101: 532–541.

Byrd, G. V., R. H. Day, and E. P. Knudtson. 1983. Patterns of colony attendance and censusing of auklets at Buldir Island, Alaska. Condor 85: 274–280.

Day, R. H., K. L. Oakley, and D. R. Barnard. 1983. Nest sites and eggs of Kittlitz's and Marbled murrelets. Condor 85: 265–273.

Lloyd, D. S., C. P. McRoy, and R. H. Day. 1981. Discovery of Northern Fur Seals (Callorhinus ursinus) breeding on Bogoslof Island, southeastern Bering Sea. Arctic 34: 318–320.

Day, R. H. 1980. The occurrence and characteristics of plastic pollution in Alaska's seabirds. M.S. Thesis, University of Alaska, Fairbanks, AK. 111 pp.

Day, R. H., E. P. Knudtson, D. W. Woolington, and R. P. Schulmeister. 1979. Caprimulgus indicus, Eurynorhynchus pygmeus, Otus scops, and Limicola falcinellus in the Aleutian Islands, Alaska. Auk 96: 189–190.