faculty listing

A Photo of  Christian Zimmerman

Contact Information

US Geological Survey
Alaska Science Center
4210 University Drive
Anchorage, AK 99508-4626
Phone: (907) 786-7071
Fax: (907) 786-7150

Christian Zimmerman Affiliate Faculty

Fisheries Conservation • Fisheries Ecology


  • Research Fishery Biologist, USGS Alaska Science Center


  • B.S. 1992 Humboldt State University (Fisheries Biology)
  • M.S. 1996 Oregon State University (Fisheries)
  • Ph.D. 2000 Oregon State University (Fisheries)

Research Overview

Population biology and ecology of salmonids. Otolith microchemistry and microstructure. Limnology.



Hoem Neher, T.D., A.E. Rosenberger, C.E. Zimmerman, C.M. Walker, and S.J Baird. In Press. Use of Glacier River-fed Estuary Channels by Juvenile Coho Salmon: Transitional or Rearing Habitats. Environmental Biology of Fishes.

Zimmerman, C.E., A.M. Ramey, S.M. Turner, F.J. Mueter, S.M. Murphy, and J.L. Nielsen. 2013. Genetics, recruitment, and migration patterns of Arctic cisco (Coregonus autumnalis) in the Colville River, Alaska and Mackenzie River, Canada. Polar Biology. 36:1543-1555. DOI: 10.1007/s00300-013-1372-y

Nielsen, J.L., G.T. Ruggerone, and C.E. Zimmerman. 2013. Adaptive strategies and life history characteristics in a warming climate: Salmon in the Arctic? Environmental Biology of Fishes. 96:1187-1226. DOI: 10.1007/s10641-0082-6

Hoem Neher, T.D., A.E. Rosenberger, C.E. Zimmerman, C.M. Walker, and S.J Baird. 2013. Estuarine environments as rearing habitats for juvenile Coho Salmon in contrasting south-central Alaska watersheds. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society. 146:1481-1494. DOI: 10.1080/00028487.2013.815660

Zimmerman, C.E., H.K. Swanson, E.C. Volk, and A.J.R. Kent. 2013. Species and life-history affect utility of otolith chemical composition to determine natal stream-of-origin in Pacific salmon. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society. 142:1370-1380. DOI:10.1080/00028487.2013.811102

Black, B.A., V.R. von Biela, C.E. Zimmerman, and R.J. Brown. 2013. Lake trout otolith chronologies as multidecadal indicators of high-latitude freshwater ecosystems. Polar Biology. 36:147-153. DOI: 10.1007/s00300-012-1245-9

von Biela, V.R., C.E. Zimmerman, B.R. Cohn, and J.M. Welker. 2013. Terrestrial and marine trophic pathways support young-of-year growth in a nearshore Arctic fish. Polar Biology. 36:137-146. DOI:10.1007/s00300-012-1244-x

Zimmerman C.E., and J.E. Finn. 2012. A simple method for in situ monitoring of water temperature in substrates used by spawning salmonids. Journal of Fish and Wildlife Management 3:288-295; e1944-687X; doi:10.3996/032012-JFWM-025

Mills, J.S., J.B. Dunham, G.H. Reeves, J.R. MacMillan, C.E. Zimmerman, and C.E. Jordan. 2012. Variability in expression of anadromy by female Oncorhynchus mykiss within a river network. Environmental Biology of Fishes. 93:505-517. DOI: 10.1007/s10641-011-9946-4

Zimmerman, C.E., P.R. Rand, M. Fukushima, and S.F. Zolotukhin. 2012. Migration of Sakhalin taimen (Parahucho perryi): evidence of freshwater resident life history types. Environmental Biology of Fishes. 93:223-232. DOI: 10.1007/s10641-011-9908-x

Nielsen, J.L., S.M. Turner, and C.E. Zimmerman. 2011. Electronic tags and genetics explore variation in migrating steelhead kelts, Ninilchik River, Alaska. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. 68:1-16.

von Biela, V.R., C.E. Zimmerman, and L.L. Moulton. 2011. Long-term increases in young-of-the-year growth of Arctic cisco (Coregonus autumnalis) and environmental influences. Journal of Fish Biology. 78:39-56.

Donohoe, C.J., and C.E. Zimmerman. 2010. A method of mounting multiple otoliths for beam-based microchemical analyses. Environmental Biology of Fishes. 89:473-477. DOI 10.1007/s10641-010-9680-3.

Krueger, C.C., and C.E. Zimmerman, editors. 2009. Pacific salmon: ecology and management of western Alaska’s populations. American Fisheries Society, Symposium 70, Bethesda, Maryland.

Hillgruber, N. and C.E. Zimmerman. 2009. Estuarine ecology of juvenile salmon in western Alaska: a review. Pages 183 – 199 in C.C. Krueger and C.E. Zimmerman, editors. Pacific salmon: ecology and management of western Alaska’s populations. American Fisheries Society, Symposium 70, Bethesda, Maryland.

Zimmerman, C.E., G.W. Edwards, and K. Perry. 2009. Maternal origin and migratory history of Oncorhynchus mykiss captured in rivers of the Central Valley, California. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society. 138:280-291.